Spanish version

Royal Palace

Royal PalaceThe Royal Palace is the official residence of the Spanish monarch, although it is only used for official events. The last king who lived here was Alfonso XIII. The Spanish king and queen, Don Juan Carlos and Doña Sofia live in a small palace outside of Madrid called "La Zarzuela".

Armoury Square FaçadeIt was built thanks to Felipe V, as the old Alcazar (castle) burnt down on Christmas Eve 1734.

They decided to build a new palace, but this time made of bricks and stone, not of wood.

It was not until the reign of Carlos III that the palace was completely finished. He was the first king to live here.
Many architects and artists were involved in the building, but the key ones were the two Italian architects Felipe Juvara and Juan Bautista Sachetti.
Side of the Rotal Palace looking over the Campo del MoroThe palace has over 3000 rooms distributed on six floors. The kings lived on the main floor and the servants on the sixth, with the rest of the court in between depending on their category. The idea was to house everybody related to the court, i.e. administrative and political institutions. It was conceived to show the people the power of their monarchy.

Visiting the Palace is like a trip to the past. Of course, we will not see the 3000 rooms! The tour takes you through about 30 rooms of different styles, as each monarch tried to give a personal touch to the rooms he or she lived in. This is also the reason why a room, which originally was a bedroom, may be now a dressing room.Armoury Square

Apart from the rooms we will also see a large collection of different presents made to the monarchs like china, silver ware, etc. There is also a collection of instruments made by Stradivarius. Nowadays they are still being played, as this is necessary for the instruments to maintain their special sound.Campo del Moro
The gardens next to the palace are called the Campo del Moro (Moor´s Field). They are from the times of Felipe II, although their current aspect was laid out around 1900.
The square in front of the palace is called Plaza de Oriente. The statues we can see here were originally designed to be placed on top of the palace. During the reign of Isabel II there was a slight earthquake in Madrid and the queen was afraid that the statues would fall down, so they were never put on the top but in the gardens. As they were sculpted to be seen from a distance the images are quite rough. The statues represent the different Spanish monarchy through the ages.


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